- Écrit par Antoine
- Catégorie : diaspora
Nowhere do so many exiled Ukrainians live as in Canada. They see themselves as guardians of the independence of their homeland. This is now in danger.
EDMONTON | The music plays and Murray Howell jumps onto the stage. He spins, does a somersault and the audience claps rhythmically along. Friday in the Canadian city of Edmonton: Howell dances a hopak - a Ukrainian folk dance - on the stage of Alberta University. He is wearing a traditional shirt, plush trousers and red leather boots.
"On stage I am full of emotion. My mother's Ukrainian heart comes through," he laughs. The 31-year-old is Ukrainian-Canadian and dances in the Shumka Ensemble, one of the most successful Ukrainian folklore groups in North America.
Around 1.2 million Canadians have Ukrainian roots like him, it is the largest diaspora outside the motherland and Russia - and it is growing. Every year, between 50,000 and 100,000 Ukrainians immigrate to Canada.
Many are watching with great concern what is currently happening in Europe and support the new, pro-Western government in Kiev. "I was born in Canada, but deep inside I am Ukrainian," Howell explains. "I am very moved by what is happening in my parents' homeland."
Roman Brytan feels similarly. The journalist hosts Edmonton's Ukrainian-language radio programme. His grandparents had emigrated after the war, his parents raised him bilingually. When he speaks, he often switches from English to Ukrainian and vice versa. In his broadcast, Brytan also addresses the political situation. "Many listeners are worried that Ukraine might lose its independence."
Ukrainian Canadians have seen themselves as guardians of their mother country's independence since the end of the Soviet Union. The ties between Canada and Ukraine are correspondingly close: Canada was the first Western country to recognise Ukraine's independence in 1991. Prime Minister Stephen Harper was the first head of government to visit the new Ukrainian interim government, and he is considered one of the harshest critics of Russia's annexation policy.
This is also due to Paul Grod, the president of the Ukrainian-Canadian Congress. Grod is an influential man in Canada and often accompanies Canadian politicians on trips to the homeland of his ancestors. He was banned from entering the country by the government in Moscow because of his pro-Western commitment. Grod calls President Vladimir Putin a dictator and the annexation of Crimea a criminal act.
Almost one in two has Ukrainian roots
The Ottawa government has also broken off all military cooperation with Moscow at his behest, imposed economic sanctions, been the first to call for Russia's expulsion from the G8 and revoked the visas of some Russian politicians and diplomats.
This is popular in Canada, including Vegreville, a community outside Edmonton. The place was one of the centres of Ukrainian immigration in the 19th and 20th centuries. Almost every second inhabitant has Ukrainian roots. At the entrance to the village, the residents have erected the world's largest pysanka - a giant painted metal Easter egg.
Laryssa Toroshenko works in Vegreville in a Ukrainian open-air museum. Wooden churches with onion domes and old farmhouses line the grounds. The highlight of the year is "Ukrainian Day" in August, when up to 10,000 visitors arrive for the harvest festival.
Toroshenko was one of 2,000 Canadians who attended the last elections in Ukraine as an official observer. She is particularly concerned about civil society and feels that both parties to the conflict lack an understanding of democracy. "You have to respect the will of the people," she says. "You can't always put your head through the wall."
Father Cornell Zubritsky takes a similar view. The 44-year-old wears a grey beard and a necklace with a wooden cross. Zubritsky is the priest of the Ukrainian Orthodox Cathedral, one of five such parishes in Edmonton. About 600 people belong to it.
On a Sunday shortly before Easter, 120 people have gathered in the cathedral. The room is full of incense, there are icons on the altar. The tensions between Russians and Ukrainians are also palpable in the congregation. "Some Canadian Ukrainians speak Russian and feel more connected to Russia," Zubritsky explains. "This creates discussions with those Ukrainians who don't want their old homeland to become an appendage to a Russian empire."
And what if Ukraine does regress politically and the Russians take over again? That would divide his community, says Zubritsky, and he doesn't want to see that happen personally either. "I am a Canadian and Ukrainian patriot. That would break my heart."
- Écrit par Antoine
- Catégorie : diaspora
The Ukrainian diaspora in Canada is one of the largest, and Canada itself is the third largest country in the world for the number of Ukrainians. Most Ukrainians currently living in Canada are second or even third generation migrants, meaning they were born and raised in Canada and have citizenship. Historically, natives of Ukraine have settled in central and western Canada. This trend continues to this day.The Ukrainian Diaspora
Historical reasons for the emigration of Ukrainians to Canada
In 2021, there were more than 300,000 people in Canada with Ukrainian roots, and another million whose ancestry is partly Ukrainian. It is impossible to know exactly how many Ukrainians live in Canada today.
The first wave of emigration to Canada began at the end of the 19th century. First of all immigrants were attracted here by the absence of taxes. They were mostly farmers: they came here with their families and settled on the western prairies. In remote remote areas they formed their own cozy communities and lived without assimilating with the local population until the middle of the twentieth century. Rapid adaptation was facilitated by the ability to settle with their loved ones, retain their language, and organize their cultural communities.
After World War I, the rural way of life became unpopular among Ukrainian immigrants, so many of them began to move to large cities and industrial centers such as Toronto and Montreal.
Canadian provinces for emigration
Let's look at where Ukrainians live in Canada. The choice of a city for emigration always depends on the goals of migration. It should be noted that Canada has both federal and regional immigration programs.
Federal programs include refugee and other humanitarian programs, sponsorship and family reunion programs, as well as various business immigration and highly skilled worker programs.
Each Canadian province has its own customized immigration program. At the same time, all provinces operate within the framework of existing agreements on the division of powers concluded between them and the migration services.
All programs are designed to select those immigrants who best meet the needs of the province or territory. And of course, the employment market is a priority. Skilled workers are in high demand across Canada.
read more : Ukrainian diaspora in Canada
Province of Alberta
Alberta is one of Canada's ten provinces. The province was named in honor of Princess Louise Caroline Alberta, fourth daughter of Queen Victoria, who in late 19th century became wife of Canadian Governor-General. The Ukrainian experience of migration to Canada historically began here. Currently, there are 332,000 Ukrainians living in Alberta, which is about 9% of the local population. Now Alberta is still of interest to modern emigrants. Many of them go to Calgary, which is the largest city of the province, a major trade and transport center.
The Province of British Columbia
British Columbia is a province located in western Canada. Ukrainians make up 4.4% of the population here (197,000 people). This province is well suited for those who choose labour migration. The economy of the province is based on natural resources. B.C. is the terminus of transcontinental highways and railroads. British Columbia is home to the largest ports in the Pacific, allowing the province to engage in vigorous international trade.
Province of Quebec
Quebec is the first province in Canada in terms of area. Unlike Alberta and British Columbia, the official language is French, not English. At the moment only 32 thousand Ukrainians live here. The economy of the region is based on the aerospace industry, biotechnology industry, pharmaceuticals, metallurgy, as well as the sphere of information technologies.
Province of Manitoba
Manitoba is a province located in the center of the country. There have always been many Ukrainians here, as well as in Alberta, as it was historically formed. Manitoba is generally considered one of the most important centers of Ukrainian culture outside Ukraine. Today there are 167 thousand natives of Ukraine. Here, as in other central provinces, the main branch of the economy is agriculture. In addition, Manitoba also has well developed transportation, mining and manufacturing industries, as well as forestry.
The province of Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia is a province to the east, one of the so-called Seaside Provinces. This destination is still not particularly popular among Ukrainian emigrants, although the Bay of Fundy is considered one of the most popular natural tourist destinations in the world. The reason is that there are 42 reservations of 13 Indian communities, which the Ukrainians apparently did not want to be neighbors with.
Province of Nunavut
Nunavut is the largest and newest territory within Canada. It was formed in 1999 as a result of the separation from the Northwest Territories. Inuktitut is the main Eskimo language although English and French are considered the official languages. The territory is very sparsely populated, with Inuit indigenous settlements forming the basis. In contrast to the rest of Canada, Nunavut has almost no immigrants - only 150 people do not have Canadian citizenship.Ukrainians in Canada
Province of New Brunswick
The province of New Brunswick, like Nova Scotia, is located in the east of the country and is one of the three Maritime provinces of Canada. In the past, the province was inhabited by Indians. However, after the French colonization began, they gradually mixed with settlers from France - mostly peasants and fishermen. Now New Brunswick is the only confederate entity officially declared bilingual.
The province of Newfoundland and Labrador
Newfoundland and Labrador is another curious province of Canada, and is the tenth in the confederation. It is the largest in size and the easternmost province in Canada. The climate here is harsh and maritime, the northern tip of the island generally belongs to the Subarctic zone. Newfoundland is sparsely populated and poorly industrialized, so there are few migrants here.
Province of Ontario
Ontario is located in the center of Canada and is the most populated province. It is home to Toronto, Canada's largest city, and Ottawa, Canada's capital. According to the latest data, there are 13 180 282 people living in Ontario, 336 000 of which are from Ukraine. Ontario is a major cultural, tourist, industrial and educational center in the country.
The province of Prince Edward Island
Prince Edward Island, a province with a beautiful name to the east, is the third of the country's Maritime Provinces. The island is located in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, east of New Brunswick and north of Nova Scotia. The main source of income here is tourism - many people choose Prince Edward Island for their resort vacations. There are also many food and industrial plants here, as the land is very fertile. And the local potatoes are generally famous throughout the country.
The Province of Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan is a province located in the south central part. Ukrainians make up nearly 12% of the population - 129 thousand people. This area was first explored by Europeans back in 1690, but the first European settlements appeared only at the end of the XVIII century, crowding out the native tribes. The main branch of the economy here is agriculture. Nearly half of all Canadian wheat is grown here
Province of the Northwest Territories
The Northwest Territories are located in the very north, in the Circumpolar region. The current territory was created in 1870 when Rupert's Land and the Northwest Territories were transferred to the Government of Canada. At that time this huge area was practically the size of Canada itself. Only the Maritime provinces, Newfoundland and Labrador, the south of Quebec, a small part of Ontario to the east and British Columbia were not included. Since 1967 the capital of the province is a city with the hard-spelling name of Yellowknife. Ukrainians make up 3.4% of the local population here. They have their own community, school and even church.
The Yukon is an area in northwestern Canada named after the Yukon River. Mount Logan, the second largest mountain peak in North America, is located here. This territory became popular during the well-known gold rush. Rich in minerals such as lead, copper, asbestos, zinc, silver, and of course gold, the land attracted treasure hunters from all corners of the globe. If there are now emigrants from Ukraine living in this territory, there are very few.
Ukrainian Community and Mutual Aid
The Ukrainian diaspora in Canada lobbies actively for the interests of their historic homeland, including at the government level. They try to actively support and instill in the younger generation the love and respect for traditions. For example, not a single national holiday in Canada, where parades take place, is without a Ukrainian column, whose participants are dressed in trousers and embroidered shirts.
The Ukrainian diaspora can help with getting a letter of support, which is essentially a job offer, but the process is quite complicated and time-consuming. There are various associations in Canada to support Ukrainian entrepreneurs, and there are specialized communities dedicated to the development of trade relations between Canada and Ukraine, which, for example, can help with finding partners.
What are the prospects for Ukrainian emigrants in Canada
Last year, the United Nations Organization officially recognized Canada as the best country for emigration. The reason for this is the high standard of living, quality social security, which becomes available with a residence permit, and flexible immigration policy. Just three years after emigration, it is possible to obtain a second citizenship. Once you are granted residency, you have access to free education, unemployment benefits and quality health care.
Nowhere else in the world will you find such a multicultural and yet tolerant society, which is why Canada is rightly considered a country of immigrants.
It is easy enough to adapt in this country, but knowledge of English or French is obligatory.
Ukrainian diaspora in Canada on the Internet
Ukrainian diaspora in Canada has no official website, but there is a website of Ukrainian Canadian Congress (http://www.ucc.ca), where you can find contact information of organizations that help migrants by region. The website of Ukrainian embassy in Canada (http://canada.mfa.gov.ua) may also be useful for you.
There are many groups in social networks dedicated to Ukrainian diasporas in different cities and provinces. There you can find useful information or meet the right people, ask for advice or share experiences.
The Ukrainian community in Canada is divided into two parts: descendants of the first emigrants and those who moved here recently (in the last quarter century). The difference is that the descendants of the first emigrants are already fully integrated into the life of the country and are in general 100% Canadians. They have their own churches, schools, can be members of provincial parliaments and deputies. But newcomers are also welcomed into these churches and schools because Ukrainians are generally friendly and hospitable people.
Pros and cons of living in Canada
There are two sides to every coin, and everyone who is going to emigrate to Canada should understand that. On the one hand, a permanent residence permit makes you almost a full member of society in a country with a very high standard of living, low crime rate and clean environment. On the other hand, you must understand that the high standard of living involves high taxes and very expensive medicine. And what a shame - the climate in Canada is not the most pleasant.
Destinations for Ukrainians to emigrate to
Historically there have been significantly more Ukrainians on the Atlantic coast than the Pacific. Many Ukrainians try to move to the places where the diaspora is most extensive. This is because larger diasporas build schools, churches, and business communities in their area.
By far the three most popular and densely populated areas by Ukrainians are Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta. There, the Ukrainian population makes up from 9 to 13% of the province's residents.
The choice of the province to which you are going to emigrate should be made responsibly. First of all, of course, you should take into account the reasons and goals of your emigration. If it is a question of educational emigration, Quebec and Toronto where there are various educational directions and scholarship programs will be perfect.
If your emigration is job-related, make sure you carefully study the provincial economy and the labor market situation - it is important to understand how you will be in demand. Do not forget about the climatic factor - for example, the climate in the east and north of Canada is very specific and will not suit everyone.
Canadian Visa for Ukrainian Citizens
When applying for a visa, regardless of the type of visa and purpose of stay, it is mandatory to provide:
-filled in information questionnaire and two photos taken not more than 6 months before going to the Consulate;
-Reference from workplace on the amount of salary for the last 6 months;
-proof of financial guarantees of the applicant;
-proof of being rooted in Ukraine: copy of children's birth certificate or copy of marriage certificate;
-Original document confirming the purpose of stay in Canada.
- Écrit par Antoine
- Catégorie : diaspora
How many Ukrainians live in Canada?
History of resettlement
"Dark times" for Ukrainians in Canada
Why does Canada attract Ukrainians?
Ukrainian diaspora in Canada these days
Useful Links for Ukrainians already residing in Canada, or planning to do so
Historical photos of Ukrainians in Canada
Every year Canada attracts hundreds of thousands of immigrants from different countries; today it is also open to Ukrainians who come here in search of a better life. There are special immigration programs for our compatriots, who can come to the country with a work or study visa. If you plan to study in this country, then later you can count on employment and citizenship. As a rule, this is what happens, and very few people return to their home country. This is where the largest Ukrainian diaspora is located, because Ukrainians began to immigrate here over 100 years ago.
How many Ukrainians are there in Canada?
Today Ukrainians account for approximately 4% of the population of Canada and occupy the seventh place in the TOP of national minorities of the country.
In March 2020, 1.354 million people confirmed their Ukrainian origin. This was reported by the Ambassador of Ukraine in Canada Andriy Shevchenko. Of these, about 350 thousand people have both Ukrainian parents and more than 950 thousand people have one parent.
The ambassador added that under the "new wave" of migration to Canada from Ukraine very often come people with a high education and good professional training.
"So we can sadly say that in this way Ukraine may where losing people who could have been of great benefit here. But once again, I will return that we live in a time where it would be absolutely naive to think that it would be possible in any artificial way to restrain, to detain, to keep out, to persuade. We have to think about how to motivate, how to create here such conditions, so that people have a great desire to go abroad, to learn, gain a taste for the world, to create contacts there, to start a common cause, common and return here to realize themselves here, "- said the ambassador.
History of the resettlement
It is customary to distinguish four waves of Ukrainian emigration.
The first immigration movements to Canada began because Ukrainians wanted to get rid of the enormous taxes imposed by the Austro-Hungarian government. There were none here at the time. So the Ukrainians settled in remote wilderness areas together with their families, forming small communities.
The first Ukrainian settlers in Canada were Ivan Pylypiv and Vasyl Yeleniak, both from the village of Nebylov (Austro-Hungary, now Ivano-Frankivsk Region).
ukrainian diaspora in canada
Pylypiv founded the settlement of Edna-Star (Alberta), the very first and largest group settlement of Ukrainians in Canada. The initiator of the mass migration of Ukrainians to Canada is considered to be Dr. Joseph Oleskiv, who stimulated and popularized emigration to Canada from Western Ukraine, as well as Galicia and Bukovina in the late 1890s.
The second wave of resettlement that history has recorded falls at the end of World War I. At that time, people began to shift from farming to urban life, and moved en masse to industrial centers, mainly Toronto and Montreal. Now they still have the largest number of Ukrainians.
The third wave of emigration was mainly driven by political motives and began at the end of World War II. These are mostly repatriates from the British, American, and French occupation zones.
The fourth wave - the so-called "Zarobitschanskaya" - began in the 1990s. Its main reason was the economic difficulties of the transitional period in Ukraine.
Now we can already identify the fifth wave, which began after the events in Ukraine in 2013 -2014.
"Dark times" for Ukrainians in Canada
It is not customary to remember this, but in the fate of Ukrainian immigrants was not all as rosy as it is sometimes presented. After Britain entered World War I, nearly 10,000 Ukrainians were interned and placed in Canadian camps. The fact is that most of the interned Ukrainians came to Canada from Bukovina and Galicia, then owned by Austria-Hungary. They entered on Austro-Hungarian passports. Thus, with the outbreak of World War I, they were enlisted in Canada in the category of domestic enemies. The absurdity was that Ukrainians who had moved to Canada could not have any warm feelings toward Austria-Hungary.
The Ukrainians were deprived of their property and possessions and sent to camps. Having come to Canada with dreams of well-being and prosperity, Ukrainians were deprived of their means of livelihood.
Most of the interned Ukrainians worked in industry and mining. There was a war going on, and there was a shortage of workers. Their wages were far below those of wage laborers.
According to Canadian historians, a total of 24 concentration camps operated across the country, which later became "politically correct" to refer to as internment camps.
Prisoners were denied the right to read newspapers and their correspondence was strictly censored. Physical labor in the camps was grueling, with food rations often inadequate for physiological needs and living conditions in the harsh climate. Many prisoners died of illness, committed suicide or were shot while trying to escape. Even children who had been caught with their parents behind the barbed wire also died.
It was not until February 1920 that captive Ukrainians were able to be released from the camps.
Why does Canada attract Ukrainians?
One of the important factors that attract many migrants from Ukraine to the country is the help and support of the diaspora, the ties here are developed very strongly. Up to the fact that together they help to take out mortgages to purchase housing on more forgiving and favorable terms. No matter what city you move to, you will find compatriots to help you adapt, solve household and more serious issues.
All diasporas have the right to preserve their cultural values and pass on their heritage and traditions to their descendants.
Ukrainian diaspora in Canada these days
They play a larger role in Canada than the almost twice larger diaspora of Ukrainians in the United States. The three Midwestern provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba have become the center of Ukrainian culture. Ukrainian immigrants have become fighters for advanced multiculturalism.
Ethnic Ukrainians who were successful on the Canadian political scene include William Gavrilyak, Edward Stelmakh, and Roman Gnatyshyn. Thus, the Ukrainian diaspora has a great political and economic weight in Canada.
The geography of settlement is as follows: most Ukrainians are concentrated in the eastern part of the country: Ontario, Alberta, Manitoba, Quebec City, Toronto, Edmonton, Leithbridge, Montreal.
Ukrainians have an active social life: they organize festivals, parades, and their own celebrations.
Famous Canadians with Ukrainian roots
Useful Links for Ukrainians Living in Canada, or planning to move to Canada
A community organization that brings together political, social and cultural organizations of Ukrainians in Canada:
Conґres of Ukrainians of Canada
There is a lot of information about Ukrainian internships in Canada, culture and traditions, achievements in Canada, student programs, etc.
Other Ukrainian organizations in Canada:
Canadian Ukrainian Immigrant Aid Society (Toronto, Ontario)
Ukrainian Canadian Civil Liberties Association
Ukrainian Canadian Social Services (Toronto, Ontario)
PLAST Ukrainian Youth Association of Canada
Ukrainian Youth Association of Canada
- Écrit par Antoine
- Catégorie : diaspora
Canada has a huge number of immigrants from Ukraine.
How did this happen, and what does it mean for Canada itself?
Good evening, ladies and gentlemen! Good evening my good friends! I wanted to tell you about Ukrainian immigration, about its history. I will not go too long, only the main facts. The fact is that Ukrainians settled in Canada a long time ago. It is mentioned that in 1812, after the war with Napoleon, the first settlers from Ukraine had already settled here. They were mostly settled on the eastern, Atlantic coast of America. But the real, legal countdown of immigration began in 1871, when Ukrainians from a very poor part of Austria-Hungary, from Galicia and Bukovina, came to the country legally, at the invitation of Canada. You know that this was the most populous part of Europe and very poor. And very often there were floods, floods, people suffered from hunger, and according to the statistics of that time, up to 50,000 people died a year.
So these people were invited to settle the prairie region (which is the same steppe, very similar to the Ukrainian steppe), to grow vegetables, wheat. Mountains or plains An interesting fact: Ukrainians, who were from Russia, preferred to settle in such steppes, and Ukrainians, who belonged to the Austro-Hungarians - in mountainous areas, and they avoided steppes, because back in Austria-Hungary, if you lived in the mountains, you had to pay semi-feudal tax on the forest. And so when these Ukrainians came here, they began to choose the land where there was a forest, because the forest is a source of energy, heat. But the land was not very suitable for farming in these places, and so the first official settlements began to form in these three provinces that occupy the prairies, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, and Alberta. Ukrainians from Austria-Hungary preferred the more mountainous part, so they settled in the more western part of Canada. This was the 1st wave of immigration, and it lasted from 1871 until the outbreak of World War I, until 1914. And during that period of time, about 170,000 Ukrainians moved into the country legally.
Why was preference given to this population group?
Because, as a rule, they came with a family, they had at least 6 children, people had been working on the land for decades, and they were perfectly able to build their houses and maintain this land. Yes, they would come here and build typical Ukrainian structures: whitewashed walls, thatched roofs, but they did it all themselves. But gradually the local modern buildings began to take over because they were more adapted to these survival conditions. The hard years for the Ukrainian emigrants So, World War I came, 1914, and here began to intern, that is to say expelled to labor camps Ukrainians who were citizens of Austria-Hungary, because under Canadian law decided that they were enemies during the First World War, internal enemies. And so this internment went on until 1920, 5,000 people suffered in 7 years. And despite the fact that the war was over, they continued to evict people to these camps for another 2 years. Now, of course, they apologize and create memorials, but there was such a fact in the history of Canada.
Further history of emigration
The next stage of immigration lasted until 1930. The country had to be lifted up, the country was developing, and consequently, hardcore political refugees arrived. They fled the Ukraine because there was a famine, and they began to settle in the Toronto area and in the Montreal area. The next stage was people who, as a result of World War II, were opposed to the Soviets. So the next wave of immigration comes in the years after World War II, 1945-1952. When the confusion began, and people moved to other countries because the political views of the victorious side did not suit many. These Ukrainians tended to settle in the Montreal and Toronto area. Why did they leave the Soviet Union? Disagreement with politics, sometimes war crimes. You already know the next wave, it coincides with the Earl wave, as I call it, from 1972 till the 1990s, when immigration to Canada legally opened. In the late 80's a lot of people from the Soviet Union, including Ukrainians, started to apply to emigrate, and this process is still going on.
The Ukrainian diaspora here is very large;
naturally, the guys maintain their national identity and culture, and there are festivals every summer. People have dance groups, small chamber theaters, their own stores, their own national cuisine. I was very surprised: I was watching a program on TV, I saw the head of the Toronto Fire Department, and the Ukrainian surname was mentioned, and I thought, "Aha! Our guys, good for them, occupy such high positions! Canada has the third largest Ukrainian diaspora in the world after Ukraine and Russia. The number of people who identify themselves as Ukrainians at least in part, as a rule, are people who were born here, but still consider themselves Ukrainians, although they have Canadian citizenship, their number is somewhere around 1 million 700 with a large tail. The population is very large and, accordingly, has a very strong political influence on the events that take place in the world, because the diaspora is very large. Given that this immigration very often involved people leaving the former Soviet Union, there has been a pretty serious stronghold of immigrants who have spoken out, and continue to speak out, against the policies of the Soviet Union. If I were to tell you where the Ukrainians mostly live, it's mostly Etobicoke, Mississauga, the Hyde Park area, by the way, there's a monument to Taras Shevchenko there, and you can hear Ukrainian speech very often in that park. I am glad that the guys keep their roots because it is important to remember their ancestors and to continue to love them, even though they are no longer in this world, it is love on a completely different level. There is even a museum of Ukrainian culture. There is also a department at the University of Toronto, where they study the cultural heritage of Ukrainians. Our channel is watched by 30% of people who live in Ukraine, so if you want to leave for many reasons, you won't get lost here, because you will have a lot of support from your compatriots, you will be able to keep the language of your ancestors on the territory of Canada, and that will only be welcomed. You will also be able to participate in all the cultural events that take place here in Toronto territory. I just live in the Toronto territory, that's why I tell you more about it. You will feel completely independent, free, and you will thrive. So all the best to you, good luck!